CIVIL WAR NEWSPAPERS: A BIBLIOGRAPHY
BASED ON THE BOOK, WAR NEWS: Blue & Gray in Black & White, by Brayton Harris

 

NEWSPAPERS IN THE CIVIL WAR: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

from WAR NEWS: Blue & Gray in Black & White, By Brayton Harris

NEWSPAPERS:
Newspaper sources are cited in the text and were reviewed in various libraries and depositories, especially the Library of Congress, the Western Reserve Historical Society, Florida Atlantic University, the University of Akron and, via the World Wide Web, the University of Virginia.


BOOKS AND ARTICLES

Adams, George Worthington. Doctors in Blue, The Medical History of the
Union Army in the Civil War. New York: Morningside, 1952.

Andrews, J. Cutler. The North Reports the Civil War. Pittsburgh: University
of Pittsburgh Press, 1955.
------. The South Reports the Civil War. Princeton: Princeton University
Press, 1970.

Andrews, Peter. “The Media and the Military.” American Heritage 42/4 (July/
August 1991): 78-85.

Babcock, Havilah. “The Press and the Civil War.” Journalism Quarterly 6
(March 1929): 1-5.

Ballard, C. K. “Cheers for Jefferson Davis.” American History Illustrated 16
(May 1981): 8-15.

Bennett, Whitman. Whittier, Bard of Freedom. Chapel Hill: University of
North Carolina Press, 1941.

Bigelow, Donald Nevius. William Conant Church and the Army and Navy
Journal (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952).

Bill, Alfred Hoyt. The Beleaguered City: Richmond, 1861-1865. New York:
Alfred A. Knopf, 1946.

Blackett, R. J. M., ed. Thomas Morris Chester: Black Civil War
Correspondent; His Dispatches from the Virginia Front. Baton Rouge:
Louisiana State University Press, 1989.


Boatner, Mark M. III. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: Vintage Civil
War Library, 1991.

Bowman, John S., ed. The Civil War Day by Day. New York: Barnes &
Noble, 1989.

Browne, Francis F., ed. Bugle Echoes. Boston: White Stokes and Allen, 1889.

Browne, Junius Henri. Four Years in Secessia. Hartford: O. D. Case and
Company, 1865.

Butler, Benjamin Franklin, Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of
Major­General Benj. F. Butler; Butler’s Book. Boston: A. M. Thayer & Co.,
1892.

Carlson, Oliver. The Man Who Made News: James Gordon Bennett. New
York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1942.

Chambers, Lenoir. Stonewall Jackson. New York: William Morrow, 1959.

Chesnut, Mary Boykin. A Diary from Dixie. Boston: Houghton Mifflin,
1949.

Coffin, Charles Carleton. Four Years of Fighting: A Volume of Personal
Observation with the Army and Navy, from the first Battle of Bull Run to
the Fall of Rich­mond. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1866.
------. Redeeming the Republic. New York and London: Harper and Brothers,
1889.

Congdon, Charles Taber, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributed
to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863; with an Introduction by
Horace Greeley. 1869. Reprint, Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries
Press, 1971.

Crawford, Martin. William Howard Russell’s Civil War: Private Diary and
Letters, 1861-1862. Athens and London: University of Georgia Press,
1992.

Crounse, Lorenzo Livingston. “The Army Correspondent.” Harper’s New
Monthly Magazine 27 (October 1863): 627-638.

Crozier, Emmet. Yankee Reporters. New York: Oxford University Press,
1956.

Dana, Charles Anderson, Recollections of the Civil War (New York, 1898).

Davis, Burke. They Called Him Stonewall. New York and Toronto: Rinehart
& Co., 1934.

Denney, Robert E. The Civil War Years: A Day-by-Day Chronicle in the Life
of a Nation. NewYork: Sterling, 1992.

Douglas, Henry Kyd. I Rode with Stonewall. 1899. Reprint, Chapel Hill:
University of North Carolina Press, 1940.

Eisenschiml, Otto, and Ralph Newman. The Civil War: The American Iliad
as told by Those Who Lived It. New York: Mallard Press, 1991.

Fahrney, Ralph Ray. Horace Greeley and the Tribune in the Civil War. Cedar
Rapids: The Torch Press, 1936.

Farwell, Byron. Stonewall. New York and London: W. W. Norton &
Company, 1992.

Faust, Patricia L., ed. Historical Times Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Civil
War. New York: Harper & Row, 1986.

Fellman, Michael. Citizen Sherman. New York: Random House, 1995.

Fermer, Douglas. James Gordon Bennett and the New York Herald: A Study
of Editorial Opinion in the Civil War Era, 1854-1867. New York: St.
Martin’s Press, 1986.

Fishel, Leslie H., Jr., and Benjamin Quarles. The Negro American: A
Documentary History. New York: William Morrow & Company, 1967.

Fleischmann, John. “The Object at Hand.” Smithsonian Magazine
(November 1996): 28-30.

Hale, William Harlan. Horace Greeley, Voice of the People. New York:
Harper & Brothers, 1950.

Harris, Brayton. “The Role of Newspapers in the Civil War.” Civil War 15
(December 1988): 5-86.

Harwell, Richard B., ed. The Civil War Reader. New York: Mallard Press,
1991.

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. “Chiefly about War Matters.” Atlantic Monthly 10
(July 1862): 43-61.

Henderson, Colonel G. F. R. Stonewall Jackson and the American Civil War.
London, New York and Toronto: Longmans, Green and Co.: 1949.

Hoole, William Stanley. Vizetelly Covers the Confederacy. Tuscaloosa,
Alabama: The Confederate Publishing Company, 1957.

Johnson, Robert Underwood, and Clarence Clough Buel, eds. Battles and
Leaders of the Civil War. 4 vols. New York: The Century Company, 1884-
1888.

Kasper, Sydney H. “Rienzi’s Story.” Civil War Times Illustrated 27 (January
1989): 20-25.

Knightley, Phillip. The First Casualty. From the Crimea to Vietnam: The War
Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist, and Myth Maker. New York and
London: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975.

Nevins, Allan, ed. American Press Opinion: Washington to Coolidge. Boston
and New York: D. H. Heath and Company, 1928.

Knox, Thomas Wallace. Camp-Fire and Cotton-Field: Southern Adventure in
Time of War. Life with the Union Armies and Residence on a Louisiana
Plantation (Philadelphia and Cincinnati, 1865).

Kouwenhover, John A. Adventures of America, 1857-1900; A Pictorial
Record from Harper’s Weekly. New York and London: Harper & Brothers,
1938.

Lande, Nathaniel. Dispatches from the Front. New York: Henry Holt, 1995.

Leech, Margaret. Reveille in Washington, 1860-1865. New York and
London: Harper & Row, 1941.

Lewis, Thomas A. Guns of Cedar Creek. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.

McPherson, James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York:
Oxford University Press, 1988.
------. The Negro’s Civil War: How Blacks Felt and Acted During the War for
The Union. New York: Ballantine Books, 1991.

Marvel, William. Burnside. Chapel Hill and London: University of North
Carolina Press, 1991.

Miers, Earl Schenck. The General Who Marched to Hell. New York: Alfred
A. Knopf, 1951.

Moore, Frank, ed. The Rebellion Record, A Diary of American Events, with
Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, etc. 12 vols. 1861-
1868. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1977.

Morse, John T., Jr., ed. The Diary of Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy
under Lincoln and Johnson. 3 vols. Boston and New York: Houghton
Mifflin Co., 1911.

Mullen, Robert W. Blacks in America’s Wars: The Shifts in Attitudes from the
Revolutionary War to Vietnam. New York: Anchor Foundation, 1973.

Neely, Mark E., Jr., Henry Holtzer, and Gabor S. Boritt. The Confederate
Image: Prints of the Lost Cause. Chapel Hill and London: University of
North Carolina Press, 1987.

Osborne, Charles C. Jubal: The Life and Times of General Jubal A. Early,
CSA; Defender of the Lost Cause. Chapel Hill: Algonquin Books of
Chapel Hill, 1992.

Osterweis, Rollin G. The Myth of the Lost Cause, 1865-1900. Hamden,
Connecticut: Archon Books,1973.

Paine, Albert Bigelow, A Sailor of Fortune, Personal Memoirs of Captain B.
S. Osbon (New York,1906).

Perkins, Howard Cecil. Northern Editorials on Secession. 2 vols. 1942.
Reprint, Gloucester, Massachusetts: Peter Smith, 1964.

Pickard, John B., ed. Letters of John Greenleaf Whittier. Cambridge,
Massachusetts: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1975.

Pollard, Edward A. The Lost Cause. 1866. Reprint, Freeport, New York
Books for Libraries Press., 1970.
------. The Lost Cause Regained. 1868. Reprint, Freeport, N.Y.: Books for
Libraries Press, 1970.
------. Southern History of the War. 1866. Reprint (2 vols. in 1), New York:
Fairfax Press, 1990.

Pollard, James E. The Presidents and the Press. New York: Macmillan, 1947.

Poore, Benjamin Perley. “Washington News.” Harper’s New Monthly
Magazine 48 (January1874): 225-236.

Porter, Horace. Campaigning with Grant. 1906. Reprint, New York: Mallard
Press, 1991.

Pratt, Fletcher. Civil War in Pictures. New York: Henry Holt and Company,
1955.

Randall, James Garfield. “The Newspaper Problem in Its Bearing upon
Military Secrecy during the Civil War.” American Historical Review 23
(January 1918): 303-323.
------. “Federal Generals and a Good Press.” American Historical Review 39
(January 1934): 280-289.

Redpath, James. The Roving Editor; or, Talks with the Slaves in the Southern
States. New York: A. A. Burdick, 1859.

Reynolds, Donald E. Editors Make War: Southern Newspapers in the
Secession Crisis. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1970.

Richardson, Albert Deane. The Secret Service, the Field, the Dungeon, and
the Escape. Hartford: American Publishing Company, 1865.

Rideing, William H. “The Metropolitan Newspaper.” Harper’s New Monthly
Maga­zine 56 (December 1877): 43-59.
------. “The Rise and Fall of the War-Correspondent” Macmillan’s Magazine
90 (August 1904): 301-310.

Robotham, Tom. Civil War Album. New York: Smithmark, 1992.

Russell, William Howard. My Diary, North and South. 2 vols. London:
Bradbury and Evans, 1863.

Sears, Louis M. “The London Times’ American Correspondent in 1861;
Unpublished Letters of William H. Russell in the First Year of the Civil
War.” Historical Outlook 16 (October 1925): 251-257.

Seitz, Don Carlos. The James Gordon Bennetts, Father and Son, Proprietors
of the New York Herald. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1928.

Shanks, William Franklin Gore, Personal Recollections of Distinguished
Generals (New York, 1866).
-------. “How We Get Our News.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 34
(March 1867): 511-522.

Sheridan, Philip H. Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan, General, United
States Army. 1888. Reprint (2 vols. in 1), with an introduction by Jeffry D.
Wert, New York: Da Capo Press, 1992.

Sherman, William Tecumseh. Memoirs of General William T. Sherman. 2d
ed., rev. and cor. New York: D. A. Appleton and Company, 1875.

Smalley, George Washburn. Anglo-American Memories. New York and
London: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1911.
------. “Chapters in Journalism.” Harper’s New Monthly Maga­zine 89
(August 1894): 426-435.
------. “Notes on Journalism.” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 97 (July
1898): 213-223.

Smart, James G., ed., A Radical View: the “Agate” Dispatches of Whitelaw
Reid, 1861-1865. 2 vols. Memphis: Memphis State University Press, 1976.

Starr, Louis M. Bohemian Brigade, Civil War Newsmen in Action. 1954.
Reprint, with a foreword by James Boylan, Madison: University of
Wisconsin Press, 1987.

Taylor, Marie Hansen, and Horace E. Scudder. Life and Letters of Bayard
Taylor. 2 vols. (Boston, 1895).

Thompson, Robert Means, and Richard Wainwright, eds. Confidential
Corre­spondence of Gustavus Vasa Fox, Assistant Secretary of the Navy,
1861-1865, 2 vols. (New York, 1920).

Thorndike, Rachel Sherman, ed. The Sherman Letters, Correspondence
between General and Senator Sherman from 1837 to 1891. 1894.
Reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

Townsend, George Alfred. Campaigns of a Non-Combatant, and his
Romaunt Abroad during the War. 1866. Reprint, Alexandria: Time-Life
Books, 1982.

Villard, Henry. Memoirs of Henry Villard, Journalist and Financier 1835-
1900. 2 vols. Reprint, New York: Da Capo Press, 1969.

War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union
and Confederate Armies. 128 vols. Washington, D.C: U.S. Government,
1880-1901.

Weisberger, Bernard A. Reporters for the Union. Boston: Little, Brown &
Company, 1953.

Wilkie, Franc Bangs. Pen and Powder. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1888.
------. Walks about Chicago, 1871-1881. And Army and Miscel­laneous
Sketches. Chicago: Belford, Clarke, 1882.

Williams, George Forrester. “Bennett, Greeley and Raymond, A Glimpse of
New York Journalism Twenty-five Years Ago.” Journalist 4 (October 2,
1886): 1-2.
------. “Important Services Rendered by War Correspondents.” Independent
54 (January 23, 1902): 210-212.
------. “Lights and Shadows of Army Life.” Century Maga­zine 28 (October
1884): 803-819.

Wilson, Edmund. Patriotic Gore. New York: Oxford University Press, 1962.

Winters, John D. The Civil War in Louisiana. Baton Rouge and London:
Louisiana State University Press, 1963.

Wolseley, Garnet, and James A Rawley, eds. The American Civil War, an
English View. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1964.

Wykoff, George S. “Charles Mackay: England’s Forgotten Civil War
Correspondent.” South Atlantic Quarterly 26 (January, 1927): 50-62.

Young, May Dow Russell, ed. Men and Memories, Personal Reminiscences
by John Russell Young. 2 vols. (New York and London, 1901).

Young, John Russell, Around the World with General Grant. 2 vols. (New
York, 1879).

 

Copyright © 2010, Brayton Harris; provided for students and researchers . . . without restriction, but "Fair Use" is welcome, an acknowledgement would be appropriate: Harris, Brayton. War News: Blue & Gray in Black & White. Newspapers in the Civil War. Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace, 2010.

WAR NEWS (published in 1999 as Blue & Gray in Black & White) is an exploration of the individual and collective efforts of newspaper journalists during the Civil War. As eyewitnesses to one of the most memorable conflicts in history, they left a record that is sometimes brilliant but, at other times, marred by shoddy journalism, sensationalism, and self-serving reporting. They were, however, the American public's primary source of information about the battles that were tearing the nation apart. This book focuses on the personalities, politics, and rivalries of editors; the efforts of newspapers to influence military appointments, strategy, and tactics; advances in printing technology; formal and informal censorship, the suppression of dissident newspapers, and, most of all, the war correspondents themselves.

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BRAYTON HARRIS is a retired U. S. Navy captain who served as a media coordinator in Vietnam and as a special assistant to the secretary of the Navy at the Pentagon. He has also been a printer, a publisher, and an editor, and is the author of more than two hundred articles and ten books, including The Age of the Battleship: 1890-1922 and The Navy Times Book of Submarines: A Political, Social, and Military History.

journalism in the Civil War

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WAR NEWS ESSAY


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